1. Delhi, the focus of the socio-economic and
political life of India, a symbol of ancient values and aspirations and capital
of the largest democracy, is assuming increasing eminence among the great cities
of the world.
Growing at an unprecedented pace, the city needs to be able to integrate its elegant
past as well as the modern developments into an organic whole, which demands a purposeful
transformation of the socio-economic, natural and built environment. The city will
be a prime mover and nerve centre of ideas and actions, the seat of national governance
and a centre of business, culture, education and sports.
6. The population of Delhi in 2001 was 138 lakh as against the MPD-2001 projection
of 128 lakh. This has had its inevitable implications and impact in terms of shelter,
including squatter settlements, and other infrastructure facilities. Some issues
that arise for consideration and are also directions for policy include:
i) Review of the scheme of large scale development and acquisition and its relevance
in the present context;
ii) Alternative options for development of areas identified for urbanization in
iii) Evolving a system under which planning for, and provision of basic infrastructure
could take place simultaneously with reference to (i) and (ii) above; and
iv) Involving the private sector in the assembly and development of land and provision
of infrastructure services.
7. One of the most important aspects of planned development pertains to the
provision of adequate well-planned shelter and housing for the different categories
of inhabitants of the city. The quantitative and qualitative shortages and deficiencies
in this regard have been observed while formulating the MPD-2021. In turn, this
should also be seen in concert with the involvement of the private sector in land
assembly and development.
8.Two major challenges which have emerged in the wake of the developments
outlined above relate to the phenomenon of unauthorized colonies and squatter /
jhuggi jhompri settlements. This reality will have to be dealt with not only in
its present manifestation, but also in terms of future growth and proliferation.
9.The exercises done for the MPD-2021 show that there is a need for redevelopment
and densification of the existing urban areas and city improvement. This aspect
is a major component of the new Master Plan. It calls for a comprehensive redevelopment
strategy for accommodating a larger population, strengthening of infrastructure
facilities accompanied by creation of more open spaces at the local level by undertaking
measures for redevelopment of congested areas.
10.Another important development observed during the period of the last Master
Plan is the phenomenal growth of automobiles in Delhi. This has resulted in a variety
of problems pertaining to congestion, pollution, safety of travel and parking etc.,
which need to be addressed.
11.The NCT of Delhi has been divided into 15 Zones from A to H and J to P,
of which 8 Zones are in the urban area, one in Riverbed and remaining 6 in the rural
area. So far, Zonal Plans in respect of 11 zones (including sub cities of Dwaraka,
Rohini and Narela) have been notified with the approval of the Government of India.
It is pertinent to finalise the Zonal Plans for all the planning zones within a
year from the date of notification of the MPD-2021.
12.The experience of the past two Master Plans shows that projections regarding
various basic infrastructure services have been made with reference to the population
growth projections and the increased urbanization requirements. However, the infrastructure
provisions especially those related to water and power have not matched the pace
14. The Ministry of Urban development issued guidelines in 2003 for the preparation
of the MPD 2021 which inter alia emphasised the need to explore alternate methods
of land assembly, private sector participation, and flexible land use and development
norms. The Authority also had the benefit of the reports of 12 study groups set
up with experts and stakeholders on various aspects such as shelter, demography,
conservation, transportation, industry, environment, mixed use, infrastructure,
trade and commerce etc. Details of the study groups are given in Annexure-V. Five
seminars were organised on various aspects involving experts in the field, representatives
of GNCTD and local bodies and NGOs.
15. The DDA has also made presentations on the draft MPD 2021 before various
forums including the Consultative Committee of Parliament, Lt Governor, Delhi, Chief
Minister Delhi and the Cabinet of GNCTD and the Group of Ministers set up by the
Central Government. The Draft MPD 2021 was also discussed at length in the Legislative
Assembly of NCT of Delhi and the suggestions made by the members were considered
and forwarded by the Delhi cabinet to the Authority and the Ministry of Urban Development
for its consideration. A large number of representations received in the Ministry
of Urban Development from various interest groups such as lawyer, doctors, Chartered
Accountants, traders, residents, etc were also considered. Personal interaction
with various interest groups as well as elected representatives including Members
of Parliament, Members of Legislative assembly, Municipal Councillors were held
by the Minister and Minister of state for Urban development at various points in
16. The Draft Master Plan was notified for inviting public objections / suggestions
through Gazette Notification dated 16.03.2005 and public notice in newspapers on
08.04.2005. In response, about 7000 objections / suggestions were received, which
were considered by the Board of Enquiry which met on 17 occasions and also afforded
personal hearing to about 611 persons / organizations. The Authority considered
the revised draft MPD 2021 along with the report of the Board of Enquiry in three
sittings held on 29.12.2006, 4.1.2007 and 19.1.2007 before it was sent to the Ministry
of Urban Development for approval. The Ministry of Urban development considered
the proposal in the light of the inputs received from DDA and from various quarters
and finally approved the Master Plan for Delhi 2021 in the present form.
17. The success of Master Plan depends on conversion of the policies and
strategies outlined in it into time bound development and action plans, periodic
reviews and close monitoring, besides the people's will and willingness to adhere
to discipline in the use of land, roads, public space and infrastructure. Any issue
arising from interpretation of the provisions of this Master Plan will be settled
by DDA in consultation if required with Central Government.
18. The Master Plan incorporates several innovations for the development
of the National Capital. A critical reform has been envisaged in the prevailing
land policy and facilitating public - private partnerships. Together with planned
development of new areas, a major focus has been on incentivising the recycling
of old, dilapidated areas for their rejuvenation. The Plan contemplates a mechanism
for the restructuring of the city based on mass transport. The Perspective Plans
of physical infrastructure prepared by the concerned service agencies should help
in better coordination and augmentation of the services.
19. The Master Plan envisages vision and policy guidelines for the perspective
period upto 2021. It is proposed that the Plan be reviewed at five yearly intervals
to keep pace with the fast changing requirements of the society.
20. The following critical areas have been the focal points of the Plan:
(a) Land Policy:
The land policy would be
based on the optimum utilisation of available resources, both, public and private
in land assembly, development and housing.
(b) Public Participation and Plan Implementation:
Unauthorised colonies, which are to be regularised as per government policy, should
be effectively incorporated in the mainstream of urban development. This requires
provision of infrastructure development, services and facilities for which differential
norms and procedures have been devised.
Copyright © Delhi Development Authority